HEALTH AFFECTING LIFESTYLE FACTORS
In recent decades, lifestyle as an important factor in health is more interested in researchers. According to WHO, 60% of related factors to individual health and quality of life are correlated to lifestyle. Millions of people follow an unhealthy lifestyle. Hence, they encounter illness, disability, and even death. Problems like metabolic diseases, joint and skeletal problems, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, overweight, violence, and so on, can be caused by an unhealthy lifestyle. The relationship between lifestyle and health should be highly considered.
The word lifestyle means the behavior and activities that make up an individual’s daily life, including the work he does, his leisure activities his eating habits, his association and relationship with his family, peers, friends, co-workers, and people in general.
Today, wide changes have occurred in the life of all people. Malnutrition, unhealthy diet, smoking, alcohol consumption, drug abuse, stress, and so on, are the presentations of an unhealthy lifestyle that they are used as the dominant form of lifestyle. Besides, the lives of citizens face new challenges. For instance, emerging new technologies within IT such as the internet and virtual communication networks, lead our world to a major challenge that threatens the physical and mental health of individuals. The challenge is the overuse and misuse of technology.
Therefore, according to the existing studies, it can be said that: lifestyle has a significant influence on the physical and mental health of human beings. There are different forms of such influences. Consanguinity in some ethnicity is a dominant form of lifestyle that it leads to genetic disorders. Reformation of this unhealthy lifestyle is a preventing factor for decreasing the rate of genetic diseases. In some countries, the overuse of drugs is a major unhealthy lifestyle. Iran is one of the 20 countries using the most medications. They prefer medication to other interventions. Furthermore, in 15–40% of cases they use medications about without prescription. Pain relievers, eye drops, and antibiotics have the most usage in Iran. While self-medication such as antibiotics has a negative effect on the immune system, if the individual would be affected by the infection, antibiotics will not be effective in treatment. Overall, 10 percent of those who are self-medicated will experience severe complications such as drug resistance. Sometimes drug allergy is so severe that it can cause death.
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